The Byzantine army evolved from that of the late Roman Empire. The language of the army was still Latin but it became. A cataphract was a form of armored heavy cavalry used in ancient warfare by a number of .. The Byzantine army maintained units of heavily armored cavalrymen up until its final years, mostly in the form of Western European Latinikon. The Byzantine cavalry were ideally suited to combat on the plains of Anatolia and northern Syria, which, from the seventh century.

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He provides information on the training, recruitment, finance and role of the various types of troops of the Ottoman army. Galloglass Fergus Cannan.

After the emperors of Nicaea continued some aspects of the system established by the Komneni. In another section, Maurice describes the formation of cavalry tagmas of to men into morias of 2, to 3, and the morias into meros of 6, to 7, The fall of the Byzantine capital meant the end of the Roman empire.

The Parthian horse archers encircled the Roman formation and bombarded it with arrows from all sides, forcing the legionaries to form the Testudo or “tortoise” formation to shield themselves from the huge numbers of incoming arrows. Also, rather than using up valuable and limited space with a glossary of terms 3 full pages!

When facing opponents such as the Vandals or the Avars with strong armoured cavalry, the cavalry were deployed behind the armoured infantry who were sent ahead to engage the enemy.

In addition to his reconquest of Carthage, noted above, Belisarius also recaptured Sicily, Naples, Rome and the rest of Italy from the Goths in a war lasting from to In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The name is peculiar; Treadgold’s closest guess is that thema was being used to denote “emplacements”.


Making use of original Greek source material, and featuring unpublished manuscript cavalryamn, this follow-on volume to Warrior Byzantine Infantryman c.

Byzantine Cavalryman c.900ā€“1204

Contemporary depictions, however, imply that Byzantine cataphracts were not as completely armored as the earlier Roman and Sassanid incarnation. The Scholae Palatinae units, which were more properly known as the Schola Protectores Domestici and the “Protective Association of the Royal Escort” also called the Obsequiumwere the personal guard of the Emperor, and were created to replace the Praetorian Guard disbanded by Constantine I.

Chalkokondyles calls them hippodromoi fast horsemen and remarks that they were maintained exclusively through the booty they captured. Thus the cavalry Numeri were not only the flank protection and envelopment elements but the main reserve and rear guard to protect the population and the Emperor.

Byzantine Cavalryman cā€“ by Timothy Dawson

The Byzantine army, the last surviving direct descendant of the Roman legionswas finished. Sarcasm rated it liked it Mar 14, Byzantine axes were single-bladed rounded or straight edgedsometimes with a spike opposite the blade.

This tagmatic army, which byzantie those caalryman the Komnenian and Palaiologan dynasties, would serve the empire in its final stages from the late 11th to the midth centuries, a period longer than the entire lifespans of many other empires.

Its ranks were filled primarily through direct recruitment or hereditary service by holders of military lands, but in times Osprey’s study of the Byzantine cavalrymen, who were regarded as the elite arm of the military during the Middle Byzantine period In this official call to arms, the Tang military leader threatened the Nanzhao leaders that he had 4 units of cataphracts, for each. Retrieved from ” https: If they could not breed enough high quality mounts, they would purchase them even from the other cultures.


The previously mentioned term Clibanarii possibly representing a distinct class of cavalry from the cataphract was brought to the fore in the 10th and 11th centuries of the Byzantine Empire, known in Byzantine Greek as Klibanophoroswhich appeared to be a throwback to the super-heavy cavalry of earlier antiquity.

Many times the arrow fire and start of a charge were enough to cause the enemy to run without the need to close or melee. This activity embodied and informed his research and teaching in both arms and armor and combat. It was during this time, under Emperor Justinian Ithat the revitalized empire reached its greatest territorial extent and the army its greatest size of overmen by Email required Address never made public.

The decline of the Byzantine military during the 11th century is parallel to the decline of the peasant-soldier, which led to the increased use of unreliable mercenaries.

Late Byzantine Cavalry | Weapons and Warfare

Belisarios Digenis rated it liked it Dec 24, These saddles had a cantle at the back of the saddle and two guard xavalryman that curved across the top of the rider’s thighs and fastened to the saddle, thereby enabling the rider to stay properly seated, especially during violent contact in battle. I commonly purchase books by osprey for their magnificent reproductions of fighting men.

Hittite Warrior Trevor Bryce. These soldiers, highly trained in the art of bow were formidable archers. Soldiers were also drawn cavalrymxn defeated peoples, such as the Pechenegs cavalry archersand the Serbswho were used as settlers stationed at Nicomedia. Some wore armor that was primarily frontal: